Last edited by Dabar
Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

2 edition of Oil spillage on microorganisms in northern Canadian soils found in the catalog.

Oil spillage on microorganisms in northern Canadian soils

Dennis Parkinson

Oil spillage on microorganisms in northern Canadian soils

by Dennis Parkinson

  • 361 Want to read
  • 35 Currently reading

Published by Information Canada in [Ottawa] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Northwest Territories,
  • Mackenzie River Delta.
    • Subjects:
    • Soil ecology -- Northwest Territories -- Mackenzie River Delta.,
    • Soil microbiology -- Northwest Territories -- Mackenzie River Delta.,
    • Oil spills -- Northwest Territories -- Mackenzie River Delta.

    • Edition Notes

      Other titlesEffects of oil spills on microorganisms.
      Statementby D. Parkinson, for the Environmental-Social Program, Northern Pipelines.
      Series[IAND publication] ;, QS-1526-000-EE-A-1, Environmental-Social Committee, Northern Pipelines, Task Force on Northern Oil Development. Report no. 73-25, Report (Task Force on Northern Pipeline Development (Canada). Environmental-Social Committee) ;, no. 73-25.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQH106.2.N6 P37
      The Physical Object
      Pagination49 p.
      Number of Pages49
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4942159M
      LC Control Number76369634

      ExxonMobil has been under a harsh spotlight over the last few days, facing accusations that the company has deliberately downplayed the severity of the Yellowstone River oil spill with misleading information and vague claims about what actually happened. It's an object lesson in the political risks of owning a pipeline. So the energy company TransCanada would do well to be careful with their. Canadian clean-tech firm claims its oil ‘magnet’ is best at spill response Katie Mercer - / am | Story: One of Activated White’s products, the ‘Wow roll’ is shown.

      The bacteria appeared to consume both the oil and some of the dispersants used to help break up the spill. A research team from the University of Texas at Austin, led by Brett Baker, assistant professor in the Department of Marine Science, and Nina Dombrowski, a postdoctoral researcher in Baker’s lab, set out to discover why bacteria were.   This thinning, along with Arctic drilling, makes the legendary frozen passage particularly susceptible to oil and fuel spills. To combat this, Professors Lyle Whyte and Charles Greer, microbiologists in McGill’s Department of Natural Resource Sciences, are examining Arctic bacteria’s ability to break down crude oil in the Canadian High Arctic.

      Microbial community composition and diversity at a diesel-contaminated railway site were investigated by pyrosequencing of bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA gene fragments to understand the interrelationships among microbial community composition, pollution level, and soil geochemical and physical properties. To this end, 26 soil samples from four matrix types with various geochemical. This paper evaluated the oil spillage risk in the waters near the island of Changxing in Dalian (China) based on the established risk assessment index. Four wind regimes (windless, northerly wind, westerly wind and southerly wind) were selected as weather conditions for the dynamic prediction of oil drift. If an oil spill occurs near the Koumen (a place near the island of Changxing), the.


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Oil spillage on microorganisms in northern Canadian soils by Dennis Parkinson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Parkinson, Dennis. Oil spillage on microorganisms in northern Canadian soils. [Ottawa] Information Canada, Effects of oil spillage on microorganisms in northern Canadian soils. Ottawa: Arctic Land Use Research Program, Northern Natural Resources and Environment Branch, Dept.

of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Dennis Parkinson; R Gossen; S Henderson. After a storage tank in Norilsk, northern Russia, collapsed in late May, 20, tonnes of diesel fuel was released into the winds caused the oil to spread more than 12 miles from the source, contaminating nearby rivers, lakes and the surrounding soil.

The spill perhaps didn’t get the international attention it warranted as it happened in the midst of a global pandemic and.

Oil extraction platforms are potential sources of oil spills. For this reason, an oil spill forecasting system was set up to support the management of emergencies from the oil fields in the Italian seas.

The system provides ready-to-use products to the relevant response agencies and optimizes the anti-pollution resources by assessing hazards and risks related to this by: 9.

After a storage tank in Norilsk, northern Russia, collapsed in late May, 20, tonnes of diesel fuel was released into the winds caused the oil to spread more than 12 miles from the source, contaminating nearby rivers, lakes and the surrounding soil.

The spill perhaps didn’t get the international attention it warranted as it happened in the midst of a global pandemic and. While bacteria are known to "clean up" oil spills elsewhere in the world, in the Arctic, their low numbers and slow rates of activity could mean diesel products linger for years, if not decades.

A growing number of patches (usually soils have recently been discovered throughout the province of Alberta at 20 to yr-old crude oil spill sites. The disaggregated water-repellent soil is usually confined to a dry and powdery surface layer 10 to 15 cm deep, which no longer smells, feels, or looks like.

7 days Chevron Books Worst Loss Since As Oil Prices identifying the enzymes the bacteria produce to break down crude oil and gas. will be unable to reap the benefits of oil spill. Indeed, many studies have revealed that there is a large number of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in oil-rich environments, such as oil spill areas and oil reservoirs (Hazen et al., ; Yang et al., ), and that their abundance and quantity are closely related to the types of petroleum hydrocarbons and the surrounding environmental factors.

Petroleum pollution has become a serious environmental problem, which can cause harmful damage to the environment and human health. This pollutant is introduced into the environment from both natural and anthropogenic sources.

Various physicochemical and biological treatments were developed for the cleanup of contaminated environments. However, bioremediation is based on the. Petroleum hydrocarbons are the most widespread contaminants in the environment.

Biodegradation of many components of petroleum hydrocarbons at low temperatures in Arctic (11, 47, 48), Alpine (24, 26), and Antarctic soils (2, 8) has been reported and is a result of the degradation capacity of indigenous cold-adapted -adapted psychrophilic and psychrotrophic microorganisms are.

Water samples obtained from three different marine environments (including a commercial harbor, a pristine area, and an oil tanker dock area) from the coast of Washington State were challenged with Prudhoe Bay crude oil under shake-flask conditions at 8 °C.

Research within Questia's entire library of more t full-text online books and more than 14 million academic journal, magazine and newspaper articles.

Canadian researchers have discovered a new kind of organism that’s so different from other living things that it doesn’t fit into the plant kingdom, the animal kingdom, or any other kingdom.

During oil and natural gas production, so-called “produced water” comprises the largest byproduct stream. In addition, many oil and gas operations are augmented via injection of hydraulic fracturing (HF) fluids into the formation.

Both produced water and HF fluids may contain hundreds of individual chemicals, some known to be detrimental to public health and the environment. Despite this, spill experts estimate that 30%% of oil spills are either directly or indirectly caused by human error, with 20%% of all spills caused by equipment failure or malfunction.

Large oilfields are often coincidentally located in major river deltas and wetlands, and potentially damage the structure, function and ecosystem service values of wetlands during oil exploration. In the present study, the effects of crude oil contamination during oil exploration on soil physical and chemical properties were investigated in marshes of the Momoge National Nature.

There are many major pollution-causing agents found around the globe, i.e., oil spills, fertilizers, garbage, sewage disposals, toxic chemicals. All of them contribute to global pollution in the form of soil, air, water, and marine environmental pollution. Canada - Canada - Soils and plant and animal life: Both landforms and climate affect the distribution of plants, animals, and soils.

Ecologists recognize broad regions called ecosystems that are characterized by fairly stable complexes of climate, soils, and plant and animal life. The boundaries of these regions are not usually sharp lines on the landscape but are broad transition areas. "In situ" remediation of an oil or gas spill —doing it on site —is not difficult, but there is a delicate art to achieving success.

Soil bacteria and fungi will naturally degrade oil and gas. Soils. Four different soils were collected from two Arctic sites and two other northern sites to inoculate enrichment cultures.

Alert soil was from the Canadian Forces Station Alert, on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada (82°30N, 62°19W). Alert soil was contaminated with Arctic diesel fuel at a concentration of 2, mg/kg of soil (42). Odynsky, W.M. () Map of soil zones of Alberta, Alberta Research Council, Edmonton.

Parkinson, D. () Effects of oil spillage on Northern Canadian soils, Report No.Environmental-Social Committee Northern Pipelines, Dept. Ind. and Northern .Paul Stamets, a mycoremediation expert, explains some of the ways mushrooms can lead to a healthier Earth—all by using natural means.

There are many naturally-occurring plants and species that.